consent


consent
n.
agreement to undergo medical treatment or to participate in medical research. Four conditions must apply for consent to be valid
1. the patient must be given sufficient information (see informed consent);
2. the patient must be competent, i.e. he or she must have the capacity to understand, retain, and weigh up the information and to make a rational decision;
3.the patient must be in a position to decide voluntarily, i.e. without external pressure; and
4. the patient must communicate his or her decision. Real or valid consent provides a legal defence against the charge of battery (trespass against the person). To avoid such a charge, a doctor must ensure that the patient has understood, at least in broad terms, what the treatment entails. An action for negligence may be brought if the doctor discloses insufficient information or fails to answer the patient's questions.
The law requires consent to be evidenced in writing only in special cases, such as recruiting a subject to a clinical trial. The need to obtain informed consent before proceeding with treatment is precluded in three circumstances: emergency, incompetence, and therapeutic privilege.
See also: assent, autonomy

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • consent — con·sent n 1 a: compliance in or approval of what is done or proposed by another; specif: the voluntary agreement or acquiescence by a person of age or with requisite mental capacity who is not under duress or coercion and usu. who has knowledge… …   Law dictionary

  • consent — con‧sent [kənˈsent] noun [uncountable] 1. permission to do something, especially by someone who has authority or responsibility: • He took the car without the owner s consent. • The city authorities have given their consent to leases on two… …   Financial and business terms

  • Consent — Con*sent , n. [Cf. OF. consent.] 1. Agreement in opinion or sentiment; the being of one mind; accord. [1913 Webster] All with one consent began to make excuse. Luke xiv. 18. [1913 Webster] They fell together all, as by consent. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • consent — [kən sent′] vi. [ME consenten < OFr consentir < L consentire < com , with + sentire, to feel: see SENSE] 1. a) to agree (to do something) b) to willingly engage in a sexual act: often in the phrase consenting adult c) to give permission …   English World dictionary

  • Consent — Con*sent , v. t. To grant; to allow; to assent to; to admit. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Interpreters . . . will not consent it to be a true story. Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Consent — Con*sent , v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Consented}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Consenting}.] [F. consentir, fr. L. consentire, sensum, to feel together, agree; con + sentire to feel. See {Sense}.] 1. To agree in opinion or sentiment; to be of the same mind; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • consent — (v.) early 13c., from O.Fr. consentir (12c.) agree, comply, from L. consentire feel together, from com with (see COM (Cf. com )) + sentire to feel. Feeling together, hence, agreeing, giving permission, apparently a sense evolution that took place …   Etymology dictionary

  • consent — [n] agreement; concession accord, acquiescence, allowance, approval, assent, authorization, blank check*, blessing, carte blanche*, compliance, concurrence, goahead*, green light*, leave, okay*, permission, permit, right on*, sanction, say so*,… …   New thesaurus

  • consent to — index approve, authorize, comply, countenance, embrace (accept), indorse, sanction, sustain ( …   Law dictionary

  • consent — vb *assent, accede, acquiesce, agree, subscribe Analogous words: *yield, submit, defer, relent: permit, allow, *let: *approve, sanction: concur (see AGREE) Antonyms: dissent Contrasted words: refuse, * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • consent — ► NOUN ▪ permission or agreement. ► VERB 1) give permission. 2) agree to do. ORIGIN from Latin consentire agree …   English terms dictionary


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